Agile vs Scrum: A distinctive software development phases analysis

Agile Development Process

In the Agile development process, the product is based on incremental builds. The incremental strategy assists in dividing the project into fundamental sprints. A sprint is a period in which the project is completed. The purpose of slicing down the product is to monitor the work at each sprint. The process repeats in the sprint loop, and the end working product is obtained during every iteration period. The methodology is widely used by developers to establish client satisfaction by quickly delivering the product in sprints.

Let’s dive right in to discuss the phases involved in the agile software development process:

Agile vs Scrum

Analysis & Plan

The analysis of the overall project is the primary phase in the agile development process. To obtain maximum efficiency, project prioritization is performed. It aids in drafting the project outline and envisioning the scope of the project.


After planning out the structure and flow of the project, the agile developers craft the design strategy. Here, with mutual consultation, software managers and clients formulate compatible tools needed for software application development.


Following the design phase, the developers' team focuses on the building phase of the project. Here, iteration or development of the project takes place. The purpose is to deliver the product in full functioning mode at each sprint. For end-users, the product is released to implement any changes to the product. The updated version at each iteration enhances the system performance.


Testing is a crucial step in the software development model. It focuses on the evaluation of the processes. Testing ensures the project is bug and error-free. Moreover, the scrutinizing of the project by quality assurance experts assists in fixing any bug to improve the software's performance.


During the review phase, consumers experience the software by deploying it to their systems. At this stage, all the required documentation is reviewed to checkmark the functionality of the product. At the end of the review, the whole agile development cycle might enter in new iteration period. Besides, the development team composes a report on performance metrics to closely monitor the project.


Launching of the agile development process is based on presenting the final product before the stakeholders and customers. The goal is to gather feedback from the customers to improve the software application in the long run. Here, the product plunges into the next iteration loop until the final satisfactory product is obtained.

Scrum Development Process

Scrum is an agile development method based on an incremental object-oriented development cycle. The working product is meant to deliver in iterations that occur in two to four weeks. The methodology provides a transparent system that is flexible enough to fulfill customer needs. Moreover, this project management framework is useful for complicated project development tasks.

Scrum strategy encompasses the following key artifacts:

Sprint backlog

Spring backlog renders a list of items crafted by the development team to process the work in the ongoing sprint interval. It holds the subset of items that were presented in the product backlog.


The planning phase defines the objectives and timeframe of the end product. At the start of each sprint, project managers plan the processing of the entire project. The sprint team ensures all the goals of the product backlogs are met at individual sprint output.


Increment involves the sum of all the product backlog elements. All the incremented end-products are made available to the users to demonstrate the milestones and print goals. The purpose of the increment phase is to share transparency with the clients. Here, the team defines the “done” to demonstrate the status of the end product.


This phase allows the scrum team to review all the product backlog items that have been marked as “done”. The product owner analyzes the increments and might release the product at a current sprint. Besides, the introduction of new product items continues to eventuate in the product backlog. Based on the review demonstration, It is decided by the product owner to release or reject the work in a sprint.


Retrospect's purpose is to identify the loopholes and the room for improvement. It allows the sprint team to highlight the grounds to efficiently re-build the product. In this phase, developers and scrum masters take recommendations from customers to improve the functionality of the system.

New functionality

After conducting retrospection of the sprint deliveries. Product owners and team developers decide which new functionality should be added to fulfill the defined sprint goals.